Determination of Main Properties and Fertility Capacity of Soils under Hazelnut Cultivation in Azerbaijan

Authors

  • Gunay Israphil Mammadova Ministry of Science and Education of the Azerbaijan Republic, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry and Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5196-4684
  • Aida Yarish Gahramanova Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan
  • Lala Novruz Bunyatova Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan
  • Tunzala Mammad Babayeva Department of Ecology, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan
  • Lala Abuyeli Huseynova Department of Soil Science and Real Estate Cadastre, Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science, Baku State University, Azerbaijan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2024.04.18

Keywords:

soil texture, microbiological composition, bacterial communities, erosion process, biological indicators

Abstract

The main priority of our research is the proper development of agriculture, optimal use and protection of soil resources. Hazelnut is an important crop in the study area, a benchmark indicator of the ecological condition of the soil. The purpose of the research is to determine the indicators of the main diagnostic edifiers in gray-brown soils under hazelnuts (Corylus avellana L.) in different seasons in 2022–2023. Mature trees grown without irrigation and fertilizers can produce 15–20 kg/tree, and with intensive care the yield can reach 40 kg/tree. As a result of our research into determining the main levels of productivity of agricultural soils in the southern region of the Greater Caucasus, it was found that 72.0% of agricultural lands are loamy soils, and their pH values range between 4.8 and 7.2, most soils have average organic matter content, 50.15% less calcareous and all soils are salt-free. Soil quality scale rating is 87 points in soils under hazelnuts. It has been established that the soils are 40% slightly acidic, 25% neutral, 70% less calcareous, loamy in texture and sufficient in organic matter content. The soils of the walnut orchard were 49% and 26% slightly and moderately acidic, 76% were less calcareous, and 9% were deficient in organic matter.

Author Biographies

Gunay Israphil Mammadova, Ministry of Science and Education of the Azerbaijan Republic, Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry and Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan

Mailing Address:
Ministry of Science and Education of the Azerbaijan Republic,
Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry,
Baku, Azerbaijan

and

Biology and Teaching Methods,
Faculty of Chemistry and Biology,
Sumgayit State University,
Sumgayit, Azerbaijan

E-mail: gunaymammadova.soilscience@gmail.com

Aida Yarish Gahramanova, Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan

Mailing Address:
Biology and Teaching Methods,
Faculty of Chemistry and Biology,
Sumgayit State University,
Sumgayit, Azerbaijan

E-mail: kaqramanovaa@mail.ru

Lala Novruz Bunyatova, Biology and Teaching Methods, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan

Mailing Address:
Biology and Teaching Methods,
Faculty of Chemistry and Biology,
Sumgayit State University,
Sumgayit, Azerbaijan

E-mail: exampless@mail.ru

Tunzala Mammad Babayeva, Department of Ecology, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, Sumgayit State University, Azerbaijan

Mailing Address:
Department of Ecology,
Faculty of Chemistry and Biology,
Sumgayit State University,
Sumgayit, Azerbaijan

E-mail: tunzale.babayeva.84@mail.ru

Lala Abuyeli Huseynova, Department of Soil Science and Real Estate Cadastre, Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science, Baku State University, Azerbaijan

Mailing Address:
Department of Soil Science and Real Estate Cadastre,
Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science,
Baku State University,
Baku, Azerbaijan

E-mail: lalehuseynova12345@mail.ru

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Published

26-04-2024

How to Cite

[1]
G. Mammadova, A. Gahramanova, L. Bunyatova, T. Babayeva, and L. Huseynova, “Determination of Main Properties and Fertility Capacity of Soils under Hazelnut Cultivation in Azerbaijan”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 618–626, Apr. 2024.

Issue

Section

Agricultural Sciences