Relationship between Dental Erosion and Beverage Consumption Pattern in Overweight and Obese Patients

Authors

  • Lilia Doychinova Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Maria Nikolova Department of Epidemiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Elka Radeva Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Peter Bakardjiev Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Biser Stoichkov Department of Dental Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Dimitar Kirov Department of Prosthetic Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2023.07.17

Keywords:

overweight, obesity, non-alcoholic beverages, Basic Erosive Wear Examination

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the relationship between dental erosion and frequency of non-alcoholic beverage intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals.

The study involved 264 subjects aged 18–60 years with normal weight (control group), overweight and obesity. The frequency of non-alcoholic beverage intake has been assessed. The grade of erosive tooth wear has been measured using the BEWE index (Basic Erosive Wear Examination). When comparing the control and overweight groups, a statistically significant difference has been found between the group with no erosive wear, score 0, and the one with initial enamel surface loss, score 1, (χ2 = 18.633, < 0.05). When comparing the control and obese groups, a significant difference has been found between the groups with score 0 (χ2 = 19.179, < 0.05), score 2 (χ= 0.160, < 0.05) and score 3 (χ= 0.160, p < 0.05), as well as when comparing the subjects in the control group with score 0 by sex (χ2 = 3.360, p < 0.05). The Kruskal–Wallis test has indicated a statistically significant difference among the three studied groups depending on body weight (BMI), (χ2 = 19.036, p < 0.001), as well as on the non-alcoholic beverage consumption in the individuals affected by erosive wear (χ2 = 57.403, p < 0.001). A relationship between the frequency of intake related to these beverages and the dental erosive wear has been established.

Author Biographies

Lilia Doychinova, Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine,
Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
1 Georgi Sofiiski St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: ldoitchinova@abv.bg

Maria Nikolova, Department of Epidemiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
Department of Epidemiology and Hygiene,
Faculty of Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
2 Zdrave St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: marianikolova@mail.bg

Elka Radeva, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:

Department of Conservative Dentistry
Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
1 Georgi Sofiiski St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E0mail: eliradeva@abv.bg

 

Peter Bakardjiev, Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine,
Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
1 Georgi Sofiiski St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: bakardjiev@fdm.mu-sofia.bg

Biser Stoichkov, Department of Dental Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
Department of Dental Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,
Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
1 Georgi Sofiiski St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: biser.stoichkov@fdm.mu-sofia.bg

Dimitar Kirov, Department of Prosthetic Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
Department of Prosthetic Dental Medicine,
Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University – Sofia
1 Georgi Sofiiski St
1431, Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: dimiterkirov@gmail.com

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Published

31-07-2023

How to Cite

[1]
L. Doychinova, M. Nikolova, E. Radeva, P. Bakardjiev, B. Stoichkov, and D. Kirov, “Relationship between Dental Erosion and Beverage Consumption Pattern in Overweight and Obese Patients”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 76, no. 7, pp. 1128–1136, Jul. 2023.

Issue

Section

Medicine