Vegetation History of Lake Marmara (W. Türkiye) and Surrounding Area during the Last 700 Years

Authors

  • Nurgül Karlıoğlu Kılıç Department of Forest Botany, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey
  • Rüya Yılmaz Dağdeviren Department of Forest Botany, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey
  • Şakir Fural Department of Geography, Ahi Evran University, Turkey
  • Serkan Kükrer Department of Shipbuilding and Ocean Engineering, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Turkey
  • Özlem Makaroğlu Department of Geophysical Engineering, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2023.07.06

Keywords:

Lake Marmara, pollen, Olea, Juglans, vegetation change

Abstract

In this study, a 65 cm long sediment core was obtained for pollen analysis from Lake Marmara situated in the west of Türkiye. The bottom sediment was dated by one AMS radiocarbon date on bulk organic carbon. Thus, the core provides information about the vegetation history of the lake for the last 700 years. Palynological evidence indicates that the vegetation around the lake basin was dominated by Quercus (evergreen oaks) and Pinus. The presence of Olea, Juglans, and Poaceae pollen grains reveals that this forest vegetation was interrupted from time to time by human impact. The existence of the non-arboreal Taraxacum and Plantago in the uppermost zones of the pollen diagram also indicates grazing or deterioration of the vegetation cover in this region from 1568 AD to the present.

Author Biographies

Nurgül Karlıoğlu Kılıç, Department of Forest Botany, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Department of Forest Botany,
Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa
34473, Bahçeköy
Istanbul, Türkiye

E-mail: nurgulk@iuc.edu.tr

Rüya Yılmaz Dağdeviren, Department of Forest Botany, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Department of Forest Botany,
Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa
34473, Bahçeköy
Istanbul, Türkiye

E-mail: ruyayilmaz1@gmail.com

Şakir Fural, Department of Geography, Ahi Evran University, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Department of Geography,
Ahi Evran University
Kırşehir, Türkiye

E-mail: furalsakir@gmail.com

Serkan Kükrer, Department of Shipbuilding and Ocean Engineering, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Department of Shipbuilding and Ocean Engineering,
İzmir Katip Çelebi University
İzmir, Türkiye

E-mail: kukrerserkan@gmail.com

Özlem Makaroğlu, Department of Geophysical Engineering, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Turkey

Mailing Address:
Department of Geophysical Engineering,
Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa
Istanbul, Türkiye

E-mail: ozlemm@iuc.edu.tr

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Published

31-07-2023

How to Cite

[1]
N. Kılıç, R. Dağdeviren, Şakir Fural, S. Kükrer, and Özlem Makaroğlu, “Vegetation History of Lake Marmara (W. Türkiye) and Surrounding Area during the Last 700 Years”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 76, no. 7, pp. 1028–, Jul. 2023.

Issue

Section

Biology