Implementation of Hidden Infections in the SEIR Model Analysis of the Omicron Variant Spread in Bulgaria
Keywords:mathematical modelling in epidemiology, prediction, Covid- 19, Omicron variant
In this paper we study the impact of the hidden cases of Covid-19 spread in Bulgaria by means of the SEIR model, in the period December 15, 2021 – until March 2022. In particular, the numerical experiments based on the hidden cases till mid-January, provide a forecast of the peak of the infectious curve about February 8, 2022, and reaching the maximum of about 90 000 cases. The forecast shows that end of the epidemics (in Bulgaria) would be in mid-May, 2022. This forecast is compared to the previous forecasts based on the same data excluding hidden cases; they have shown that the peak will be about February 28, reaching about 75 000 cases and will vanish until end of May. As seen in Fig. 3, our forecast of the end of the particular wave of epidemics shows just two weeks difference with what happened in real life – the wave ended in the first week of June. It is curious, that though the peak of the curve in the
hidden cases approach has shifted to February 8, the cumulative number of cases in both approaches is nearly the same. More details on the methods used in the present paper and the non-hidden cases study, are provided as well.
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LicenseCopyright (c) 2023 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Copyright (c) 2022 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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