Stroke Volume Variation is a Good Predictor of Fluid Responsiveness in Cardiac Surgery Patients with Implanted Intra-aortic Balloon Pump
Keywords:stroke volume variation, fluid responsiveness, intra-aortic balloon pump
There is a vast body of evidence in favour of individualising fluid therapy using dynamic hemodynamic indices like stroke volume variation (SVV). Patients with implanted intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) are excluded from this approach because of pulse contour artifacts caused by the pump. The aim of this work is to test whether SVV can be used for fluid responsiveness prediction in these patients. Patients after cardiac surgery with implanted IABP were included in this study. SVV was measured after placing the IABP on standby mode for one minute. Cardiac output (CO) measurement was obtained via Swan-Ganz catheter before and after a 6 ml/kg fluid challenge. Fluid responsiveness was defined as increase of CO by at least 10%. SVV above 8.5% showed a good correlation with fluid responsiveness. Sensitivity was 95 (95% CI 85 to 100) and specificity 82 (95% CI 72 to 92). SVV had an area under the ROC curve 0.91 (95% CI 0.81 to 1.0) SVV is a good predictor of fluid responsiveness in patients with IABP. SVV should not be excluded as a fluid therapy guide for these patients. Placing the pump on standby for one minute allows obtaining an accurate measurement of this important variable.
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LicenseCopyright (c) 2023 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Copyright (c) 2022 Proceedings of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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