Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oil of Aerial Part of Artemisia absinthium L. (Asteraceae) from Algeria

Authors

  • Hadria Amel Benchohra Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • Mustapha Mahmoud Dif Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes and University Center of El Bayadh Nour El Bachir, Science Institute, Algeria
  • Mohamed Tounsi Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • Halima Essaadia Souhila Medjaher Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • Lydia Aissaoui Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2023.03.09

Keywords:

Artemisia absinthium L., essential oil, chemical composition, GC-MS, antibacterial activity

Abstract

Artemisia absinthium L. is a spontaneous medicinal plant grown in Algeria. This work aims to enhance the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium (EOAa) from the region of Sidi Bel Abbes by studying the chemical composition of the species and its antibacterial activity. The essential oil is analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. We identified 41 constituents, representing 98.43% of the oil total composition; the main compounds of the essential oil were Camphor (25.47%), followed respectively by β-Thujone (18.23%), Camphene (7.21%), and β-Caryophyllene (6.72%). The antibacterial activity of essential oils was evaluated against five microorganisms using the diffusion disc method.

The gram-negative micro-organisms (Candida Albicans ATCC 10231, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) had an inhibition zone with an important diameter, between 19 ± 09 mm and 12 ± 06 mm for concentration (100 mg/ml, 50 mg/ml and 25 mg/ml). Furthermore the gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus ATCC 11778) were less sensitive since dilution (25 mg/ml).

Author Biographies

Hadria Amel Benchohra, Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

Mailing Address:
Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory,
University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Algeria 22000

E-mail: hadriana25@yahoo.fr

Mustapha Mahmoud Dif, Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes and University Center of El Bayadh Nour El Bachir, Science Institute, Algeria

Mailing Address:
Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory,
University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Algeria 22000

and

University Center of El Bayadh Nour El Bachir,
Science Institute
El Bayadh, 32000, Algeria

E-mail: mustitus17@hotmail.com

Mohamed Tounsi, Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

Mailing Address:
Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory,
University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Algeria 22000

E-mail: vertbio@gmail.com

Halima Essaadia Souhila Medjaher, Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

Mailing Address:
Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory,
University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Algeria 22000

E-mail: souhila.yaz@gmail.com

Lydia Aissaoui, Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

Mailing Address:
Valorization of Phytoresources and Eco-Development of Spaces Laboratory,
University of Sidi Bel Abbes
Algeria 22000

E-mail: liliaissaoui96@gmail.com

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Published

27-03-2023

How to Cite

[1]
H. Benchohra, M. Dif, M. Tounsi, H. Medjaher, and L. Aissaoui, “Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oil of Aerial Part of Artemisia absinthium L. (Asteraceae) from Algeria”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 407–414, Mar. 2023.

Issue

Section

Biology