Spatial Sampling Design for the Geogenic Radon Potential Survey in Sliven Province, Bulgaria

Authors

  • Dimitar Antonov Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • Kremena Ivanova National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria
  • Bistra Kunovska National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria
  • Desislava Djunakova National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria
  • Iren Ilieva Bulgarian Geological Society
  • Polina Andreeva Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • Sava Kolev Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • Aleksey Benderev Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7546/CRABS.2022.04.11

Keywords:

radon potential, geology, indoor radon, statistics

Abstract

The development of a methodology for the geogenic radon potential (GRP) mapping based on soil gas radon and soil gas permeability field measurements is among the main objectives in the determination of “radon priority areas” in Bulgaria. One of the key elements of the methodology is to define as accurately as possible, areas of risk for the presence of radon gas (222Rn) on the map. This study presents an approach to spatial sampling for the geogenic radon potential survey in Sliven Province, Bulgaria. The district is characterised by its very complex geological settings, represented by rocks of different age and mineral and chemical compositions. The proposed methodology defined a sampling frame of province radon map, prepared on the base of indoor radon measurement and the complex sampling scheme of random points. The parcel-level GIS was used for establishing the sample frame of 5×5 km polygons on the territory of the province. The IBM SPSS Complex Samples Module was applied for planning the survey’s polygons by drawing sample units according to the spatial design. The spatial relationship between indoor radon concentration and geological information was analysed for the sampling scheme construction by the polygons. The latter serve as sampling units, allowing both indoor radon concentration and geological data to be linked. The results show that the applied spatial sampling approach allows controlling the specific environmental conditions, in terms of their specificity, variability, and distribution. 

Author Biographies

Dimitar Antonov, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Mailing Address:
Geological Institute,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Akad. G. Bonchev St, Bl. 24
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: dimia@geology.bas.bg

Kremena Ivanova , National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
National Centre of Radiobiology
and Radiation Protection
3 St. Georgi Sofiyski St
1606 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: k.ivanova@ncrrp.org

Bistra Kunovska, National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
National Centre of Radiobiology
and Radiation Protection
3 St. Georgi Sofiyski St
1606 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: b.kunovska@ncrrp.org

Desislava Djunakova, National Centre of Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, Bulgaria

Mailing Address:
National Centre of Radiobiology
and Radiation Protection
3 St. Georgi Sofiyski St
1606 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: d.djuvnakova@ncrrp.org

Iren Ilieva, Bulgarian Geological Society

Mailing Address:
Bulgarian Geological Society
Akad. G. Bonchev St, Bl. 24
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: iren.ilieva812@gmail.com

Polina Andreeva, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Mailing Address:
Geological Institute,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Akad. G. Bonchev St, Bl. 24
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: polina_a@geology.bas.bg

Sava Kolev, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Mailing Address:
Geological Institute,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Akad. G. Bonchev St, Bl. 24
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: sava_kolev@geology.bas.bg

Aleksey Benderev, Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Mailing Address:
Geological Institute,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Akad. G. Bonchev St, Bl. 24
1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

E-mail: alekseybenderev@yahoo.com

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Published

02-05-2022

How to Cite

[1]
D. Antonov, “Spatial Sampling Design for the Geogenic Radon Potential Survey in Sliven Province, Bulgaria”, C. R. Acad. Bulg. Sci. , vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 561–569, May 2022.

Issue

Section

Geology